Grammar Notes

for the First Certificate Examination

Nouns made from adjectives

1
Put in each space below a noun made from the adjective in brackets after the sentence.

(a) South Africa has great mineral _____________________(wealthy)

(b) ____________________is one of the world’s great problems. (poor)

(c) Tell the__________________ . (true)

(d) I must drink something. I’m dying of____________ .(thirsty)

(e) I must eat something. I’m dying of _____________ . (hungry)

(I) He was very bright. He passed the exam with ____________. (easy)

(g) In his_____________ he travelled a lot. Now he is too old. (young)

(h) I don’t know how to express my __________________for your help. (grateful)

(i) It’s very late. There’s not much ________________ of his coming now. (likely)

(j) To be a soldier you need to be strong and in good ____________. (healthy)

(k) There was no doubt about his ____________ . He was sent to prison for five years. (guilty)

(l) He escaped to ___________________ by climbing over the prison wall. (free)

2
Instructions as above.

(a) The ______________ of the president was announced on the radio. (dead)

(b) In past wars soldiers were sometimes shot for ____________. (cowardly)

(c) He died to save the lives of others. It was an act of ______ . (heroic)

(d) He was a very thoughtful, philosophical person. A man of great __________ . (wise)

(e) She felt great _________________at being treated so badly. (angry)

(I) He left his town to find ________________ in the big city. (famous)

(g) The tourists were impressed by the _____________of the jewellery in the museum. (splendid)

(h) It was a long, slow film. I nearly died of _______________ . (boring)

(i) He was filled with _____________ at the terrible things he saw in the war. (horrible)

(j) The ice quickly melted in the _____________of the sun. (hot)

(k) His ____________was hurt when a younger man was given the job above him. (proud)

(l) I think it shows ____________of character to admit you are wrong. (strong)

3
Instructions as above.

(a) To be successful you need ability and you need __________. (lucky)

(b) He was delighted by the ____________of the welcome he received. (warm)

(c) The idea of going through the forest alone at night filled her with ___________ (terrible)

(d) The ______________of the bridge is about two kilometres. (long)

(e) The _________________of the road is not great enough to take large trucks. (wide)

(f) What’s the of that mountain? (high)

(g) The _________________of the water here is over three metres. (deep)

4
-ence -ance

Make nouns ending in -ence or -ance from the following adjectives and put them in their correct places in the sentences below.

confident
independent
patient
innocent
intelligent
important
silent
elegant
convenient
reluctant
violent
arrogant
absent
present

(a) The police were there to prevent any possible ____________

(b) There was complete_________________ except for the sound of the birds.

(c) He was very unsure of himself. He didn’t have much _______________ .

(d) She dressed with great ________________in clothes of the latest French fashions.

(e) Although he maintained his_________________ to the end, he was sent to prison.

(f) It doesn’t matter. It’s of no ________________

(g) What a silly thing to do. I thought he had more __________ .

(h) He thinks he’s the only person who’s right! What __________

(i) Zimbabwe gained its _______________ in 1975.

(j) He didn’t like school, and went every day with great _______

(k) Please have a little ________________ . We must wait another hour.

(I) Please send the goods at your earliest ________________

(m) The boss didn’t believe that her ______________ was due to illness.

(n) People normally stand in the _________________of the Queen.

5
-cy

Make nouns ending in -cy from the following adjectives and put them in their correct places in the sentences below.

obstinate
private
urgent
accurate
vacant
frequent
efficient
fluent

(a) Swiss watches are famous for their ____________________

(b) A ________________for an office manager was advertised in the newspaper.

(c) This is a matter of great ______________ . It must be discussed as soon as possible.

(d) Donkeys are known for their ________________ . They won’t do what they’re told.

(e) After five years in London, of course he speaks English with great _____________

(f) He always did his job well. Everyone appreciated his _______

(g) The _________ of this bus service is about one every ten minutes.

(h) I don’t like to be visited or phoned too much at home. I like my ______________

6
-ity -ness

Make nouns from the following adjectives by adding -ity or -ness to the end, and put them in their correct places in the sentences below.

punctual
bald
deaf
foolish
similar
equal
quiet
popular

(a) He’s worried about his increasing ______________ . He might get a wig.

(b) What __________________to leave a baby out in the hot sun.

(c) The teacher insisted on ___________________

(d) Men and women should have _____________of pay and opportunity.

(e) I have some ________________in my left ear.

(f) The international ____________of the Beatles was amazing.

(g) I like the ________________of this street It’s very peaceful.

(h) There is some _______________between German and Dutch.

7
Instructions as above.

stupid
formal
weak
fond
serious
superior
neutral
Christian
neat
ill
real
blunt

(a) Don’t laugh’ I don’t think you understand the _____________of the situation.

(b) The principal religion of this area is __________________

(c) The teacher gave a special mark for ___________________

(d) He proved his__________________ by winning easily.

(e) Switzerland has a record of________________ in past wars.

(f) He spoke with such ___________________that many people were offended.

(g) ________________kept him away from work for a week.

(h) I was surprised by the________________ of the occasion. All the men wore dark suits and ties.

(i) Engineers have found a _____________ in the bridge. They’ll have to strengthen it.

(j) The French _________________for wine is well known. They like it a lot.

(k) He is always daydreaming; he never faces _______________

(l) What a crazy thing to do. How could anyone behave with such_______________ ?

8
-ty

Make nouns ending in -ty from the following adjectives, making any necessary spelling changes, then put them in their correct places in the sentences below.

curious
generous
vain
necessary
simple
clear
anxious
gay
brief
various

(a) He spoke with great ____________. Everyone understood.

(b) There’s no_________________ to take the exam if you don’t want to.

(c) We were disappointed by the______________ of our stay in Paris. Two days was not enough.

(d) The children looked at the foreign stranger with _______________

(e) There is increasing________________ about the missing children.

(f) He is famous for his__________________ . He gives large sums to charity.

(g) In spite of his fame, wealth and success, he lives a life of great _________________

(h) He’s always looking at himself in the mirror. What ________ !

(i) In a big city like Amsterdam there’s always a _____________ of things to do in the evening.

(j) The music, dancing and decoration gave the party an atmosphere of great _________

9
-y

Make nouns ending in -y from the following adjectives, making any necessary spelling changes, then put them in their correct places in the sentences.

tragic
courteous
jealous
envious
hypocritical
certain
beautiful
difficult
furious
safe
loyal
royal
cruel

(a) ‘___________’ , is another word for ‘politeness’.

(b) NSPCC stands for the National Society for the Prevention of _________to Children.

(c) The Scottish Highlands are full of great natural __________________.

(d) ‘__________’ and ‘____________’ mean more or less the same.

(e) During the bombing, children were taken to a place of ___________________ .

(f) The newspapers described the deaths in the air crash as a _______________

(g) At first he had great _________________in understanding the language.

(h) That entrance is reserved for ________________and other important people.

(i) People reacted with to the President’s speech and thousands of people attacked his palace.

(j) He says everyone is equal but he treats his employees badly. What ______________!

(k) I think they’ll arrive tomorrow but no one is sure. There’s not much _________about it.

(l) His wife supported him through all his troubles. She showed great _______________

10
-iness

Make nouns ending in -iness from the following adjectives, making any necessary spelling changes, then put them in their correct places below.

happy
tidy
ugly
holy
lazy
lonely
naughty
lovely

(a) Living alone in the city, he suffered from _______________at first.

(b) A factory can be attractive. It doesn’t have to be a place of _____________

(c) The birth of their baby daughter brought them a lot of ______________

(d) He lost his job because of his ______________ .

(e) Please respect the _________________of this religious place by not talking loudly.

(f) Their mother punished them for their ____________in breaking the window and telling lies

(g) The teacher complimented her pupils on their ____________ . They had all polished their shoes and combed their hair.

(h) The _______________of the view almost took my breath away.

11
-ion -ment

Make nouns ending in -ion or -ment from the following adjectives, making any necessary spelling changes, then put them in their correct places below.

cautious
attractive
perfect
tense
content
excited

(a) After the revolution people were nervous about going into the streets. There was an atmosphere of ______________

(b) She dances so beautifully she almost reaches ____________.

(c) In his old age he lives a life of peace, comfort and _______ .

(d) This animal is dangerous. It should be handled with the greatest _______________

(e) The children’s _______________increased as Christmas Day drew near.

(f) The Eiffel Tower in Paris is a major tourist _______________ .

February 27, 2007 - Posted by | Word Formation

1 Comment »

  1. dear sir or madem
    i just want to know how to make noun if we have varb in the sentence

    please also tell me what is the difference between noun and verb and how to make this..
    i am great full to you..
    bye

    Comment by saad | June 1, 2009 | Reply


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